Thoughts on Peace

Liturgically, the Solemnity of Mary may receive higher billing, but the Church also includes Prayer for World Peace as a theme for Jan. 1.  Following is an excerpt from Martin Luther King Jr.’s Christmas Sermon on Peace, 1967, delivered at Ebenezer Baptist Church where he was co-pastor, remarkably (sadly) resonant nearly 45 years later.  Pope Pius VI inaugurated the first World Day of Prayer for Peace on Jan. 1, 1968, just after this sermon was given.

This Christmas season finds us a rather bewildered human race.  We have neither peace within nor peace without.  Everywhere paralyzing fears harrow people by day and haunt them by night.  Our world is sick with war; everywhere we turn we see its ominous possibilities.  And yet, my friends, the Christmas hope for peace and good will toward all men can no longer be dismissed as a kind of pious dream of some utopian.  If we don’t have good will toward men in this world, we will destroy ourselves by the misuse of our own instruments and our own power.  . . .

            We have experimented with the meaning of nonviolence in our struggle for racial justice in the United States, but now the time has come for man to experiment with nonviolence in all areas of human conflict, and that means nonviolence on an international scale. 

            Now let me suggest first that if we are to have peace on earth, our loyalties must become ecumenical rather than sectional.  Our loyalties must transcend our race, our tribe, our class, and our nation; and this means we must develop a world perspective.  No individual can live alone; no nation can live alone, and as long as we try, the more we are going to have war in this world.  Now the judgment of God is upon us, and we must learn to live together as brothers or we are all going to perish together as fools. . . .

            Now let me say, secondly, that if we are to have peace in the world, men and nations must embrace the nonviolent affirmation that ends and means must cohere.  One of the great philosophical debates of history has been over the whole question of means and ends.  And there have always been those who argued that the end justifies the means, that the means really aren’t important.  The important thing is to get to the end, you see.  . . .   It’s one of the strangest things that all the great military geniuses of the world have talked about peace.  The conquerors of old who came killing in pursuit of peace, Alexander, Julius Caesar, Charlemagne, and Napoleon, were akin in seeking a peaceful world order.  . . .  And the leaders of the world today talk eloquently about peace.  Every time we drop our bombs in North Vietnam, President Johnson talks eloquently about peace.  What is the problem?  They are talking about peace as a distant goal, as an end we seek, but one day we must come to see that peace is not merely a distant goal we seek, but that it is a means by which we arrive at that goal.  We must pursue peaceful ends through peaceful means.  All of this is saying that, in the final analysis, means and ends must cohere because the end is preexistent in the means, and ultimately destructive means cannot bring about constructive ends.”  (Read full text here.)

********************************************************************************* A contemporary leader, Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, South Africa, expresses these same hopes in the form of a lovely prayer that is very apt for today (with thanks to the Center of Concern).

O God, all holy one, you are our Mother and our Father and we are your children. Open our eyes and our hearts so that we may be able to discern your work in the universe. And be able to see Your features in every one of Your children. May we learn that there are many paths but all lead to You. Help us to know that you have created us for family, for togetherness, for peace, for gentleness, for compassion, for caring, for sharing.”
“May we know that You want us to care for one another as those who know that they are sisters and brothers, members of the same family, Your family, the human family. Help us to beat our swords into plowshares and our spears into pruning hooks, so that we may be able to live in peace and harmony, wiping away the tears from the eyes of those who are less fortunate than ourselves. And may we know war no more, as we strive to be what You want us to be: Your children. Amen.”

Photo by memsphere via Flickr under a Creative Commons license.

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